According to the foreign policy correspondent of rahnam news agency, this morning “The 7th Conference on the History of Iran’s Foreign Relations; Multilateralism in the History of Iran’s Foreign Relations” was held at the Center for Political and International Studies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with the presence of Hossein Amirabdollahian, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of our country.
The full text of Amir Abdullahian’s speech is as follows:
Dear guests, respected professors, thinkers and researchers,
I would like to thank you for your attendance and I am very happy and fortunate that today, in continuation of a seven-year tradition, we are witnessing the holding of the 7th Conference on the History of Iran’s Foreign Relations at the Center for Political and International Studies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. An event that provides an opportunity to present the latest thoughts, views and works of researchers in the field of history of foreign relations, and its product is valuable and instructive for the diplomatic system of the country.
In this period and for the seventh time, a topic has been chosen as the central topic of this conference, which has gained prominence in the minds and thoughts of thinkers and activists in the world of diplomacy in recent years, and that is the reflection on “multilateralism”. . The importance of this concept in the field of diplomacy and world politics and the necessity of its development as a dominant culture, led us to hold the conference on the history of foreign relations this year based on this concept and to answer the question of multilateralism in the history of our foreign relations. What has it been like?
If we keep in mind the strategic and special position of Iran in the map of the world, which made our ancestors inevitable for a global life and led them to be aware of the mechanisms of foreign activity (in its basic forms) and diplomacy (in its new form). , then this question is very important, what kind of image and understanding of what we call today “multilateralism” has formed in their thought and practice? In other words, when and how did Iranian politicians come to the mature view that multilateral action and involving others in a process and defining common interests among various parties can guarantee a safer and more peaceful life for them and the access path To make the goals simpler and less expensive?
In my opinion, multilateralism should be viewed with this broad and comprehensive view and not limited only to the presence in international organizations – which usually have a very short life compared to countries with ancient and deep-rooted civilizations and ancient political systems like our country – but It should be seen as a mechanism for resolving conflicts and problems at a time long before the world system turned to it after a period of global war.
It is with this understanding that I see the manifestations of multilateral action in the history of Iran’s foreign relations much earlier than the 19th century and, for example, the diplomatic efforts of the Ilkhanate government – as the first government that was established independently of the political-administrative system of the Caliphate in Iran – to shape I also define and analyze a multilateral union against the Mamluk government in the framework of the concept of multilateralism. They were able to identify a single problem and concern among independent governments and take steps to create a multilateral mechanism by aligning the circle of political-economic-security interests.
Safavid politicians also tried to use the tool of multilateralism to solve their problem with the Ottomans. Iran-Ottoman relations were complex relations during this period, and today, when we look at it, we consider the traces of various issues, including the change of poles, actors and political functions in Europe, Central Asia, and even the Persian Gulf, to be effective in shaping those special conditions. In the Safavid era, our predecessors tried to manage this complex situation with other people’s participation in this process along with acting in a bilateral arena with the Ottomans (both in battle and negotiation) with cleverness and vigilance, and therefore they tried to solve the problem with a bigger vision that interests Define more groups of actors in their hearts. What the sources have written about numerous correspondences and the movement of many diplomatic delegations between Iran and Europe in the Safavid era, I believe, is another manifestation of multilateralism in the history of Iran’s foreign relations.
Then, when we reach the era of multilateralism and global cooperation in the form of international organizations, I believe that it was the experience of centuries that called Iranian politicians to play an active and innovative role in new international organizations. Multilateralism has been in the essence and at the heart of diplomatic action in Iran’s history, and that is why when we look at the record of our predecessors in new organizations, we see their intelligent efforts to use this new mechanism to solve problems and crises.
What is thought-provoking for me in studying this portfolio is the element that I call “critical presence” and by this term I mean presence and acting in the structure of international organizations and at the same time revealing the process of turning these organizations into something against themselves. In my opinion, what prevented the Iranian delegation from participating in the peace negotiations after the First World War and forced them to raise the damages they suffered from the war in a statement on the sidelines of the peace conference, is the same element that the Prime Minister It was time for Iran to admit in the meeting of the Security Council and at the time when it had taken the leadership of the national desire of Iranians to manage their territorial resources, that the Security Council is based on giving equal seats to all small and large governments. and if the great powers do not respect its principles, the rights of nations will be lost. Unfortunately, this prediction has come true in many cases and it is also the concern of the world community today. Therefore, the collection of those experiences, performances, criticisms and initiatives are all valuable and important for our current practice in the field of international and multilateral diplomacy.
Today, as I speak to you, human society is facing a fundamental crisis; A crisis that, in my opinion, is a benchmark for the egalitarian and humanitarian slogans of the last century, and it should be seen how the world community will emerge from this test. For about four months now, a massive war crime has been going on by the anti-human Zionist regime against the people of Gaza, and a horrible series of murders, sieges, forced displacement and genocide has been exposed to the eyes of the world. Every free person should ask themselves and of course the leaders of the international system, what has been the achievement of international organizations in solving this crisis? In this case, has multilateralism and global sharing of opinion and action helped mankind? Certainly, the wave of popular protests against the crimes of the Zionists all over the world is a sign that free people have raised the same question. The unilateralism of the West in blindly supporting an illegitimate and criminal regime has regressed all human achievements in the field of multilateralism and international law.
I believe that multilateralism is an opportunity and if we look at it from the point of view of fairness, its mechanisms have helped humanity in some cases and prevented murder and injury, but here and at the end of my appeal, I would like to point out that the tools and Multilateralism structures can create opportunities if they have not deviated from their main goal of creating equal fields for all actors and beneficiaries, and if these tools are separated from their true nature and become a tool to express more power of those who used to use force and bullying. have become, they will be a threat against collective peace and security.
Today, we are very much in need of critical reflection on the roots and approaches of multilateralism, and without a doubt, historical reflection will help us in this direction, and therefore I consider holding such an event very important and valuable, and I hope that the results of these discussions will be of practical use in our foreign policy. be placed and used in building a safer, more beautiful and peaceful world.
I hope that the discussions and content of today’s event will be effective in the development of literature on this issue and an analytical view of it, and in the end, thanks to the efforts of my colleagues at the Center for Political and International Studies to hold this event and the honorable speakers and guests who Your presence adds to the prosperity and richness of this ceremony, I thank you.
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