The story of paper self-sufficiency has just begun / What are the requirements of sustainable development? – rahnam

According to the cultural reporter of rahnam News Agency, last Friday, while the paper self-sufficiency celebration of school textbooks was held in Mazandaran province, according to the officials present at the ceremony, textbooks of 1403 were produced for the first time in the country using Iranian paper.

In this way, this year Mazandaran wood and paper factory is producing 50 thousand tons of paper and cardboard needed to print 155 million volumes of textbooks for students all over the country, of which 32 thousand tons have been produced so far and according to the planned plans, the remaining will be produced.

This is despite the fact that before this ceremony, even though the Ministry of Education was determined to buy domestic paper, the volume of production was so small that most of the paper and cardboard required for the production of textbooks in our country was produced by students outside of Iran. and now with the development of production in this field, we have no need to import and the students of our country will be reading books produced with Iranian paper next academic year.

On the other hand, this process does not mean self-sufficiency in the production of writing paper and the complete absence of imports, because in the field of publishing, production of exercise books, etc., there is still a need to import paper, because according to the available statistics, the country’s real need for The total amount of writing paper is estimated at 250,000 tons, and assuming the full capacity of all production lines installed in Iran is activated, approximately 56% of the country’s needs, i.e. 140,000 tons of the country’s total paper needs, will be supplied from domestic factories.

In this way, with a simple calculation, it is completely clear that although the capacity building for paper production has been done, this capacity or existing infrastructure is not yet real and if the coordination of all relevant institutions in this field, from the Ministry of Peace to the Ministry of Guidance, Jihad Agriculture, etc. not be created; The joy of celebrating the self-sufficiency of domestic paper production in Iran will turn into the problem of imports and dependence on outside Iran’s borders much sooner than we expect.

This is while in the case that the 13th government rightly and completely opened for paper, the names of several factories including Mazandaran, Zagros, Pars and Dibay Shushtar are visible and since the Mazandaran factory is currently the leader in production and the celebration ceremony Paper self-sufficiency of textbooks was held in this factory, in this report we will discuss the issue of paper production in this factory in order to get a clearer picture of the need to continue the process of self-sufficiency in paper production not only in this production unit but also in other paper factories that are supposed to free our country from dependence. to make them unnecessary outside the borders, to have

Mazandaran Jihadi factory has started paper work

Last Friday, Mazandaran wood and paper factory hosted a celebration of self-sufficiency in the production of textbook paper, which according to the CEO of the writing paper factory, there is no economic justification for the factory, and considering the importance of supplying strategic paper goods in the country and reducing dependence on imports in line with the set goals. This jihadi factory has begun to produce paper, but the main point here is how far the factory can continue to operate in such conditions? How many thousand tons of paper can he plan to produce? Can Mazandaran Wood and Paper Company not reach the nominal capacity of its writing production, which was launched in the late 1970s with an investment of 600 million dollars?

Before reaching the answer to this question, it should be said that in drawing the paper production landscape in the country, it should be planned in such a way that, firstly, the production of writing paper is justified from the economic point of view, and secondly, not only the nominal production capacity has been reached, but also the same capacity by updating the machines and equipment. It increased the production and moved towards increasing the quality of domestic paper.

However, it should not be forgotten that this factory, which in the 90s reached the limit of handover and completely stopped its writing production line, is now on the verge of a boom. It is possible to fix the remaining nodes.

What is the main advantage of factory production?

Mazandaran wood and paper factory has huge capacities, the machines installed in it are worth approximately one billion dollars and are based on the world’s latest technology. Out of the 175 thousand tons of the factory’s capacity, about 85 thousand tons of newsprint, printing and writing paper are the main priority of the factory. Industrial paper can be produced by other factories, although the factory’s technology is high in floating production, but similar to it in Small workshops can also work. So, the main advantage of production in Mazandaran wood and paper factory is printing and writing and newspapers.

Paper ,

Island management is still a black spot on paper production

This is while the most important problem of this factory as the government’s main base for paper production and reducing the dependence on the import of this strategic product is the lack of coordination in the executive body of the government in supporting the production in this unit, because it is a serious concern for the sustainable production of paper in the wood factory and The Mazandaran paper is not seen in departments such as the Ministry of Energy and the Ministry of Silence, and the example of this incident is the emphasis of the Supreme Leader in this field, the diligent follow-up of the President, the First Vice President, the Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance, and in contrast to the lack of signs of seriousness. Financial institutions are accompanied by the Ministry of Security and the Ministry of Energy.

A clear example of this unconventional approach to the principle of self-sufficiency in paper production is during the words of Omid Niknejad, the CEO of the factory, at the celebration of the self-sufficiency in the production of textbook paper, who said: At 7 am this Friday, I received text messages on my mobile phone that the bank accounts of the factory were closed due to They delayed the payment of water and electricity tariffs, etc. Unfortunately, some officials take such measures regardless of the production situation, regardless of whether workers’ salaries are supposed to be paid, raw materials are provided for production, and how this closure of accounts will interrupt the production process.

Paskari paid the claim of 200 billion from the Forestry Organization

Of course, this is not the end of the work, and on the other hand, this lack of coordination between different departments in supporting domestic production is reflected in the failure to solve the factory problem with the Forestry Organization. Mazandaran wood and paper factory’s demand of 200 billion from the forest organization still remains unresolved and the organization still does not allow the factory to harvest broken and fallen wood in the forest, while the evidence indicates an increase in the smuggling of this wood. The forest breathing plan, which started in 2016 without an alternative plan, is now, according to many experts, not only a big obstacle to production, but also has not brought back the breath of Hyrcanian forests.

Mazandaran factory used to supply about 35% of its wood consumption from 150,000 hectares of forestry plan, which was done in the form of 10-year implementation plans approved by the Supreme Council of Forestry. Therefore, in the aforementioned share, that is the same 35% of the wood raw materials needed by this factory from the forestry projects under its cover and mainly from the species of merrose, beech, anjili, khormandi, alder, oak, and about 45% from other forestry projects. It was bought with similar species.

In this way and based on the registered statistics and confirmed documents, the exploitation of the forests by the factory was based on written and defensible instructions, which according to the experts had nothing to do with the issue of the destruction of the forests, because the investigations show that in the past years, a significant amount of wood was consumed for Supply of fuel, increasing population growth and rising unemployment rate, and as a result, a significant number of villagers turn to sheep farming, turning forest areas into gardens and agricultural fields, exploitation of mines and excessive sand harvesting cause problems in the Hyrkanian forest ecosystem. have been.

However, this process of indiscriminate and unplanned harvesting of wood from the forests is one of the main factors in the occurrence of devastating floods, including the factors of forest destruction. The development of similar factories using logical and principled guidelines not only continue their economic production, but also take effective steps towards the preservation and protection of forests, and there is no doubt that this factory is not exempt from the above rule.

Of course, which trees are used to produce wood is very important; Because otherwise, with the passage of time, the trees will be out of the exploitation age and when they reach the late life age (stop growth) from the empty interior, from the bottom of the lapi, from the rust or finally uprooted and broken and their economic value will be lost. they shake hands

Mazandaran factory’s limited access to the most important raw materials for production, i.e. wood

Despite this forest breathing plan, it has been implemented for several years, and its replacement plan has not yet been implemented by the Forestry Organization. Therefore, Mazandaran factory, as the most important writing factory in the country, has a major problem in accessing wood as the main material. and the ban on harvesting broken and fallen wood, while the wood and paper factory of Mazandaran, which must have a wood depot for its consumption for at least 6 months, and the factory’s limited access to wood as a raw material for production, threaten the continued production of writing paper.

According to Faraji, the production manager of this factory, the strict rules of wood import have made the process of importing this basic and vital material for the production of writing paper slow. The Mazandaran factory usually imports wood from Russia, and according to existing laws, the wood must be peeled to prevent possible pests from entering the country, while there is no peeling system in Russia, and this itself has caused problems for the factory.

Paper , Paper ,

Equipment upgrade and a budget of 6 million euros

The factory’s access to bank facilities to remain on the production circuit and achieve sustainable development is another important point that has been emphasized many times in Niknejad’s words. According to Faraji, one of the most important problems that the factory is facing is the updating of equipment, which, according to Faraji, has not been done for more than 27 years, equipment and devices imported from Germany, Austria, Canada, America, etc. have entered and sanctions have created major problems in supplying their parts. Updating the machinery of line one requires about 2 million euros, and updating the machinery of line two requires four and a half billion euros.

Paper ,

Self-sufficiency in the field of paper production is a demand that the leader of the revolution raised more than 26 years ago. A demand that efforts were made in the governments to reach it, but every time it was half-abandoned and sat on the ground, now that this concern has come up in the 13th government and it is full of opportunities, it should be exploited to the maximum, definitely and certainly the president is concerned. It pursues paper not for propaganda hype, but to fulfill the demand of leadership and complete self-sufficiency in the field of paper, and achieving this goal will not be possible except with the coordination of all elements of the government and the removal of production obstacles and problems.

Therefore, it must be said that although the self-sufficiency of textbook paper is a happy coincidence, now a heavier duty has been placed on the shoulders of the government and domestic production factories, because the wheel that has been set in motion in the paper factories for the production and self-sufficiency of this strategic product should not stop moving. And again, the problem of dependence will show itself in this context.

end of message/

Leave a Comment