rahnam News Agency International Group – Henry Kissinger, who is considered one of the most important and controversial American diplomats of the 20th century, died on Wednesday at the age of 100 after a long and tumultuous career.
During the presidency of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, he worked as the Secretary of State and National Security Advisor of the United States, and after leaving the American government in 1977, his opinions were still considered important in the field of American foreign policy.
According to some biographers, Kissinger ranks with George Kennan, the main author of America’s successful Cold War containment strategy, as well as with other architects of the post-World War II world system.
He is considered one of the theorists of realism in the field of politics, and based on this point of view, he believed in interacting with the world based on what was called “real politics” (instead of moral ideas): a point of view that promotes the interests of America regardless of its results and disasters for He prioritized other parts of the world.
It is on this basis that Kissinger has been accused of committing war crimes by playing a role in the bombing of Cambodia during the Vietnam War, supporting Pakistan’s genocide in Bangladesh and giving the green light to Argentina’s dictatorship in the “dirty war” against that country’s opponents.
The bombing of Cambodia, in which Kissinger played a role, led to the rise of the communist group “Khmer Rouge” and the horrific slaughter of more than a million people. After the US invasion of Cambodia, Kissinger completed peace negotiations with Vietnam that earned him the Nobel Peace Prize, but ultimately led to the humiliating occupation of North Vietnam just two years later in America’s worst defeat in a war to that time. and showed that this award was an early accolade.
Kissinger also supported the 1973 coup against the pro-communist President-elect Salvador Allende of Chile and was indifferent to the 1971 genocide in Bangladesh.
While seeking to prevent East Pakistan (later Bangladesh) from gaining independence, Nixon and Kissinger stood behind Pakistani generals and armed them in violation of US law as they ignored the mass murder and rape of Bengalis. Gary Bass, a political scholar at Princeton, later described the episode as “one of the darkest chapters of the Cold War.” Secret White House tapes and documents show that in internal meetings at the time, Kissinger disparaged those who “shed tears” for “dying Bengalis.”
In his 2001 book The Trial of Henry Kissinger, Christopher Hitchens argued that Kissinger should be prosecuted under international law because he should be held responsible for “organizing and ordering the destruction of civilian populations, the assassination of unpopular politicians, the kidnapping and disappearance of soldiers and He knew the journalists who stood in his way.
Many foreign policy analysts believe that Kissinger’s policies during Gerald Ford’s presidency caused civil war in Africa, especially in Angola.
This American diplomat, however, never expressed regret for the consequences of his policies. Of course, he never paid for the pursuit of these policies and always responded with a mocking tone to the criticisms that pointed to his record in the fields of human rights.
However, Kissinger’s fans believe that the bright spots in his career outweigh the dark spots. According to this group, the achievements of this seasoned diplomat, including the beginning of relations with China and reconciliation with the former Soviet Union, outweigh the animosities that can be seen in his record.
They argue that Kissinger’s policies are part of the cold calculus required when deciding a nation’s survival, leaving no room for moral considerations. They even say that if the United States pursued a more moralistic foreign policy, there would be more deaths.
However, his critics have said in numerous books, television documentaries and writings that Kissinger was not only a war criminal, but also one of the main founders of imperialist strains in American foreign policy, which kept the country in a state of “wars” for several decades after he left power. Endless” has been placed.
Determining what Kissinger’s ultimate legacy in foreign policy was is a difficult task that historians, foreign policy experts, and journalists have struggled with for decades. About him, there has always been the question whether he should be considered one of the main founders of the American war machine or its product. Both views of course can be true in a way, from the point of view that this war machine brought him to work and he put the utmost effort in strengthening and modernizing it.
What is undeniable about Kissinger is that millions of people in Argentina, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Chile and many other parts of the world cannot separate his legacy from this war machine.
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