According to the space and astronomy correspondent of rahnam news agency, the highest level of science is the space field, and the peak of space science is the ability to send humans into space. In the world, countries such as the United States, Russia, and China have the ability to send humans into space, and countries such as India and Iran also have an indigenous manned space program on their agenda.
In this report to review the programs “manned space” We pay the countries with this ability:
Soviet manned space program
The Soviet Union succeeded in sending the first man into space on April 12, 1961 (60 years ago on April 23, 1340). “Yuri Gargarin” was the first human and astronaut who went into space with the Vestovk 1 spacecraft and completed a 108-minute orbit around the Earth, thus beginning the age of space travel.
Vostok launch moment 1
US manned space program
After the heroic success of sending humans into space, the United States redoubled its efforts to keep up with its historical rival, making Alan Shepard the second human in the world and the first on May 5, 1961, less than a month after Gagarin. American sent to space! Shepard, who went into space with the Azadi 7 spacecraft, successfully completed a 187-kilometer suborbital route in 15 minutes.
China’s manned space program
On October 15, 2003, China successfully sent the “Shenzhou 5” biological capsule into space with a Chinese astronaut named “Yang Liue” and this capsule succeeded in orbiting the earth 14 times in one day and after traveling 600 thousand kilometers. Land in the grasslands of the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia.
Yang Liu; The first Chinese astronaut
“Yang Liue” was able to contact his wife on Earth when he was starting his 8th orbital journey. During this flight, Yang Liu was able to sleep for 3 hours! And there was also a video of Yang Liu where the flag of China and the United Nations was flying in the capsule; Yang Liew was the first citizen that China sent into space, but two Chinese-born people had been launched on American space shuttles in the past.
Yang Liu; The first Chinese astronaut
India’s manned space program
The program of sending humans into the Indian space became media for the first time in 2018. India’s manned space program called “Gaganian” was planned for 2022, but after the spread of the corona virus in India and its disastrous effects in this country, the space programs were temporarily closed and the Indian Space Agency was engaged in the production of oxygen capsules for corona patients. And Gaganyan’s program was delayed for several years.
“Gaganian” project biological capsule without space crew
According to Gaganyan’s plan, 2 unmanned biological capsules were to be launched into space, the first of which was launched in October this year and was successful; If the next launch is successful, permission will be issued to send 4 Russian-trained astronauts into orbit. Predictions are that Indian astronauts will be sent to space within the next year.
Iran’s manned space program
launch probe 4; Iran’s first practical step in the implementation of the national project of sending an Iranian astronaut into space
Iran has not succeeded in sending humans into space, but Iran’s first bio-cargo mission outside the atmosphere was in 1389, when the probe 4 sent a doll to an altitude of 135 km, which was a monkey doll. This monkey doll, which had simulated vital signs of a living creature, was launched into space. The launch of Iran’s probe 4 was the first practical step in the implementation of the national project of sending an Iranian astronaut into space.
The Probe 4 doll carried a built-in audio recorder. Also, a “Holter” device with the ability to measure vital signs including the pulse and blood pressure of the living creature was experimentally installed on the doll, which performed well despite the acceleration and vibration.
Space probes are vertical flight rockets used to carry space laboratories high up in the thick atmosphere – between 50 and 300 km altitude – and safely recover them. Probes have many uses, including checking the properties of the atmosphere, testing control devices used in satellites and satellite launchers, obtaining meteorological information and weather forecasting, and conducting biospatial and astronomy research. In fact, space laboratory payloads in probes expose complex components of space systems and living organisms to testing and investigation.
In the following, Iran successfully sent probe 5 and then in 1391 and 1392 “Monkeys of Aftab and Fargam” with Pishgam and Research probes to a space of 120 km; In fact, Iran’s last launch in this area was in 2012.
Iran’s probes are classified into classes A, B, C and D according to their various features in terms of geometry, height, mission and type of carrier, and the research probe (class D) is the best and best example of the products produced by Iranian researchers in This has been the field. Many promises and promises were made to send the first sub-orbital space capsule carrying a human between 2015 and 2017 in the government of Hassan Rouhani, but it was never implemented.
For example, Hamid Fazli; In 2013 and during the World Space Week, the then deputy head of the Iran Space Organization said: The countries of the world have invested a lot in the field of “space life” and in this field, Iran’s first priority is sub-orbital launches, and in this regard, we are considering that in the next three to four years Let’s send an astronaut to the altitude below the orbit!
The provided information on the launch of 8 Iranian probes and the targeting of human missions in the period from 2015 to 2017
The moment of the launch of Iran’s probe 4
Today, after a decade of suspension of the country’s space domain in the two governments of Hassan Rouhani, the 13th government plans to resume the process of launching biological capsules this year, and in the near future, we will witness the launch of Iran’s first biological capsule in 1402; Although this capsule, according to the head of Iran’s Space Organization, will not carry a “human” cargo, it will be considered another big step in the path of Iran achieving the ability to send humans into space.
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