Parliamentary group rahnam News AgencyFinancial transparency of candidates for the Islamic Council elections was one of the important issues in the past years; Because how to provide election expenses and candidates’ financial resources and how to spend it has always been one of the most ambiguous questions that not only was never given a clear answer, but also in the past there was no comprehensive law that could force the candidates of the parliament to clarify or limit their campaign expenses. .
The state of some advertisements in the elections had created these questions in public opinion; How can a candidate spend billions for elections? What is the amount of money received by a member of parliament in all the years of his representation that some candidates spend up to billions of tomans to get seats in parliament? Or even in some cases, it became clear that electoral votes are bought and sold, or electoral candidates destroy their rivals by throwing lots of money.
These money sprinklings that happened in some electoral areas, especially the Islamic Council elections, were known as dirty money among the elites and the media, which destroyed the integrity of the elections.
Therefore, in the implementation of the one hundred and twenty-third article of the Constitution of the Islamic Council, the law on transparency and supervision of the financing of electoral activities in the elections of the Islamic Council, which is called the project of clarifying the sources of financing of advertising and electoral activities by amending some articles of the law of the election of the Islamic Council The Islamic Council approved the public meeting on Sunday, February 6, 2018, and this law was approved by the Guardian Council a few days later, on February 9, 2018, and was notified to the government by the then speaker of the parliament.
This law coincided with the elections of the 11th term of the Islamic Council, but due to insufficient time, it was not implemented in that year and for the 11th term of the elections.
After 4 years have passed since the approval of the Law on Financial Transparency of Election Candidates, this law is supposed to be implemented in the March elections; An election in which about 18 thousand people have registered according to the official announcement of the country’s election headquarters.
The spokesman of the Guardian Council also stated in his last press conference that the law on transparency of financial resources of parliament candidates will be implemented for the first time in this period. He also emphasized that one of the main components of eligibility verification is the economic health of the candidates.
What is the financial transparency law of electoral candidates?
According to the Financial Transparency Law, the election candidates must introduce a separate account for the election to the Ministry of Interior and the Guardian Council in order to conduct election activities through this account of the election candidates.
Also, according to this law, no person or candidate can receive or pay financial aid in cash or non-cash to provide financial resources for electoral activities and their expenses, except from the personal property and assets of the candidate or contributions from political parties and groups or contributions from Iranian natural persons. or public resources and facilities, which according to this law and other related laws are allowed to be used for election activities and campaigns, such as meeting halls, advertising installation sites, facilities and audio and video media in virtual space.
In addition, candidates and political parties and groups do not have the right to receive any financial or non-financial assistance from people who have non-Iranian citizenship or people who have been convicted of one of the economic crimes, either directly or indirectly.
The important point of the law on financial transparency of election candidates is that the maximum cost of each election candidate in each election period is proportional to the distribution of the population, geographical area and the number of seats in each constituency with the proposal of the Ministry of Interior and the approval of the central monitoring board.
The amount of assistance and gifts of any natural person to a candidate or a total of candidates to cover the election expenses is also a maximum of twenty percent of the candidate’s election expenses limit stipulated in this article.
Candidates are required to clearly record all the costs and expenses related to their election activities and advertising expenses and the sources of financing these expenses and the amount of cash and non-cash financial aid received in the election financial system.
Now, we have to see if the financial transparency law of electoral candidates will be properly implemented after the 4-year gap this year and prevent the incidents and money-spending that we witnessed in the past?
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