Defense group rahnam News Agency: On Sunday, November 28, 1402, the major exhibition of the new achievements of the IRGC Aerospace Force was visited by the General Command, which, like the first exhibition in May 2013, included modern and new and undiscovered equipment in various fields.
In the previous report, we introduced the “Fattah 2” hypersonic missile, and in this article, we examine the “Mehran” air defense system.
* The beginning of the revolution of the IRGC in the field of defense
The press conference of the former Commander-in-Chief of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Major General Jafari, in September 2013, in which the “Shaheed 129” UAV and the “Raad” air defense system were mentioned for the first time, can be the starting point of informing about the rapid growth of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps based on capabilities. Native in the field of missile air defense.
A little later, images of the said system and its firing were shown. With a range of 50 km and the ability to target attacking birds at an altitude of more than 21 km (70,000 feet) combined with mobility, the Raad system was designed with an eye on the Russian Bok-M-2E.
Raad system introduced in 2013
At the beginning of this path, Martyr Hassan Tehrani Moghadam accepted the responsibility of developing such a system locally under the support of Martyr Ahmad Kazemi, and its first product was a tactical and mobile system called Bait al-Maqdis in the field of missile defense systems.
After the unveiling of Raad, IRGC specialists continued to work on the various components of the system, and about a year and a half later, in the exhibition of May 2013, they unveiled the Som Khordad system as a more complete example of Raad.
Equipped with a phased array radar, this system was able to simultaneously engage 4 targets and fire two missiles for each target (simultaneous guidance of 8 missiles). In that exhibition, the IRGC Aerospace Force made a promise to reach ranges of 100 and 200 kilometers in the continuation of the development of this system; A promise that was well fulfilled.
The third Khordad system was unveiled in May 2013
In the third Khordad system, the central core is a vehicle that transports and launches missiles but is equipped with a radar and a control and command room (TELAR: Transporter erector launcher and radar) that carries and launches three missiles.
This vehicle is connected to at least two other vehicles that only carry three missiles. As a result, each rocket of the Som Khordad system with 9 missiles (on three vehicles) is able to engage simultaneously with 4 targets and two missiles for each. Several firecrackers of the third of Khordad are connected to a control center and receive information from early warning radars such as Bashir with a range of 350 km.
The structure of a battalion of the 3rd Khordad system consists of four firebars
* Som Khordad, the American world-traveling falcon hunter
The development process of Tair missiles, which are used in Raad and Som Khordad and Tabas air defense systems (a simpler example of Som Khordad for engagement with one target), continued, and a missile from the Tair family with a range of 105 km was officially announced in 2016. It was observed next to the third Khordad system. There is also evidence of the use of different types of search engines in air missiles.
Examples of air defense missile seekers
With the operationalization of the new version of Tayer missiles, the useful range of this system was more than doubled compared to the first example, while it still maintained its high mobility.
Some sources have mentioned the mentioned missile with the name Som Khordad (the same name of the system itself). At this point, the third Khordad systems were also equipped with a long-range thermal camera, which can help in more accurate targeting of the target and the possibility of firing missiles in the presence of severe electronic warfare.
Previously, the IRGC had developed the Raad 2 system as a passive system based on optical detection and tracking systems for a range of 70 km.
The optical system used in Raad 2 with a range of 70 km
Khordad III system was well tested and evaluated in various air defense exercises and despite the country’s defense budget problems, it was put into production and deployed in different places.
Among these regions were the southern regions of the country, which ironically one of the most newsworthy events of the success of indigenous defense systems took place in this region.
On June 31, 2018, an American RQ-4 Global Hawk reconnaissance-espionage drone, which had violated the territory of our country several times, was hit and destroyed by a shot of the Third Khordad system at a height of more than 14 kilometers after several warnings.
This bird was targeted despite being equipped with a variety of radar and signal activity monitoring and warning systems, as well as automatic self-defense systems and a variety of signal and radar decoys.
A sample of the third Khordad system that was used in the destruction of the American Global Hawk drone
The Som Khordad system also recorded successful tests in firing from the naval units of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, and as a result, it was introduced as a defense system on the Shahid Rodaki multi-purpose vessel, and it can also be used on other logistics and support vessels of this force.
Martyr Siavoshi’s boat, from which the 3rd Khordad shot was fired
* 3rd of Junrad Bard Long
In the parade on 31st of Shahrivar 1401, a long-range sample of Som Khordad with a declared range of 200 km was unveiled. This system uses a longer missile and an engine with a slightly larger diameter.
Like the medium-range Soom Khordad, this model also had three missiles and a phased array radar, although with a longer range, based on launchers (Talar). With this system, the IRGC’s missile defense range was doubled once again and increased to four times within a decade of the 50 km Raad system.
This system made it possible for the IRGC to engage targets in most areas of the southern coast of the Persian Gulf from the southern coast of our country.
A sample of the long range of the third of June
Also, during the visit of the Russian Defense Minister to the IRGC Aerospace Force and a little later in the parade of the armed forces in Shahrivar 1402, the Third Khordad system equipped with box launchers (canister) was unveiled for the first time.
By using this type of launcher, missiles have a better resistance to changes in environmental conditions and possible damages, and especially the probability of being damaged by micro-bird attacks is reduced. The observed launcher of this type for IRGC defense systems had 6 missiles.
6-missile launcher during the Russian Defense Minister’s visit to the IRGC Aerospace Force
The new 6-missile launcher of Som Khordad system
In the exhibition a few days ago, the IRGC Aerospace Force also observed a new and special variant of the Third Khordad system, which has differences in the radar part of the system, but the most important difference is the removal of the middle missile from the set of three missiles and the addition of a small mast on which communication systems are installed. has been
This type may have been developed for better coverage on low-altitude targets or for different communication between missiles and the system.
A new sample from Som Khordad, which has added a mast carrying an antenna instead of the central missile
* “Mehran”; New long-range anti-avax system
The process of developing the range of the Third Khordad systems to higher ranges and stabilizing the level of strategic effectiveness, which had started with reaching a range of 200 km, entered a new phase during the visit of the General Command to the Air Force Exhibition in November 1402 with a system called Mehran.
Mehran system, which was unveiled on November 28 in the presence of the Supreme Commander
Mehran is a long-range system, the core of which includes four missiles located in a box launcher and a phased array radar, and a long-range optical system on a tactical vehicle, and next to it, it is connected to vehicles carrying 6 missiles with a box launcher.
This system is the successor of the 200-kilometer Soum Khordad missile, which was added to this system under the name of Mehran 1, and is also equipped with a longer-range missile called Mehran 2, whose declared range is 320 kilometers.
In this way, the Mehran system uses two types of missiles as a strategic missile air defense system.
Mehran missile 1
Mehran 2 missile
In the Mehran system tower, four missiles are installed on two different arms, which can be seen from the published images, each of these two arms has an independent degree of freedom of movement in the height direction.
Also, the entire set of missiles and radar can rotate in the horizontal plane.
The radar and optics of the Mehran system are mechanically connected and placed in a horizontal position during movement so that the system has the smallest physical volume.
The optical system installed on Mehran alone has the capability of two degrees of freedom of movement in the direction and height.
Mehran system with a new launcher with two independent arms in the vertical direction (right) and also a 6-missile launcher (left)
Radar and optics of the Mehran system, which are folded horizontally towards the back
Another view of Mehran system’s radar and optics
The IRGC has used the special and proven combination in Som Khordad, i.e. high mobility, advanced phased array radar and agile solid fuel missiles, with the addition of another element, i.e. missile protection inside the launcher, in the new Mehran system, so that this time it can even target birds. The enemy can have an effect in the safe area inside the space of hostile countries.
With its 320 km missiles, Mehran can threaten all kinds of bombers, refuelers, strategic transport planes, and all kinds of reconnaissance and listening and flying radar planes that fly at ranges beyond conventional tactical systems.
Certainly, like other systems, Mehran is supported in terms of information by connecting to early detection and identification radars so that it can engage with targets in the most suitable range at the best possible time.
Mehran 2 long-range missile next to the 6-missile launcher of this system
Another aspect of the operational value of a system like Mehran, which has a very high mobility, is that due to the possibility of its presence in any part of the border areas and especially the southern coasts of the country, reconnaissance aircraft and flying radars (AWACS) must be in order to remain safe. fly more than 320 kilometers from the country, which means reducing the useful radius of their identification with existing sensors. It should be noted that the electronic warfare capability of the IRGC and the army has already been established at a distance of 400 kilometers and the enemy has fully understood it.
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