According to the space and astronomy reporter of rahnam News Agency, self-sufficiency in the production of domestic launchers is one of the key issues in the development of the space industry of countries. The process of building a domestic satellite carrier is a complex and ups and downs process that many countries in the world have not yet achieved despite their long history of being in space.
This is while Islamic Iran, despite not having a very long history of being in space, has made great progress in the construction of high-precision domestic satellite launchers, such as Qased, Omid, Tolo, Navid, etc., by recording successful launches, Iran’s recent advances in the field Set the space.
One of these important successful Iranian satellite receivers, “Phoenix” has experienced a successful launch in the past and is going to make Iran’s path in space smoother this year with new launches. Simorgh is a multi-stage satellite carrier built by the Aerospace Organization of the Ministry of Defense, which was unveiled on February 14, 2018, and was launched for the first time on April 31, 2015 from the Semnan space base for a suborbital research flight.
This satellite carrier has had 5 launches so far, and in the last launch in January 1400, Simorgh injected three research satellites into orbit. This satellite carrier was launched at a speed of 7350 meters per second from the Imam Khomeini space base.
In Hassan Rouhani’s government, Simorgh had 3 more launches on August 5, 2016, January 29, 2017 and February 20, 2018, but these launches were not successful. Nevertheless, there are signs of gradual improvements in the reliability and reliability of Simorgh in these launches. For example, a successful mission to inject the satellite with Simorgh requires 490 seconds of successful operation of engines, turbopumps and other subsystems.
The moment of Simorgh satellite launch
In the second launch of Simorgh, only 120 seconds had passed since the failure in the second stage caused the launch to fail, but in the third launch, out of the required 490 seconds of performance, the satellite carrier operated for 450 seconds without a fault, and in the third launch, this number even increased to 475 seconds. It arrived and the satellite carrier suffered a malfunction only in the last 15 seconds of its operation. These figures give the launches a success rate of 25, 92, and 97 percent, respectively, which is a clear indication of the increasing reliability of the Simorgh’s performance.
The development of this satellite receiver gained more momentum in the 13th government and according to the head of the Geographical Organization of the Armed Forces, the Simorgh satellite receiver is considered as a new generation satellite receiver in the country and the construction of its next generations is also planned.
The Simorgh satellite carrier has recently completed most of its research stages, the data from its research launches have been counted, and we will probably have the final launches of this satellite carrier in the rest of the year.
With this satellite carrier, Iran will gain the ability to launch satellites up to 250 kg at a distance of 500 kilometers, which can be in the form of one satellite or several satellites. If we consider the dimensions and size of the satellites that were launched with Safir or Qased, we can launch 10 of these satellites with Simorgh.
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