According to the rahnam news agency’s Space and Astronomy correspondent, Article 67 of Chapter 13 of the 7th five-year development plan of the country generally refers to “Iran’s space industry”, the fourth paragraph of which is entitled “Improving the capability of local manufacturing of sensing and telecommunication satellites”.
One of the important issues and main questions is how many satellites Iran has successfully launched and which are the unlaunched satellites?
Iran’s launched satellites are as follows:
- Sinai satellite 1 It was a telecommunication and imaging satellite that was launched into space in November 2014 with the Russian Cosmos 3rd satellite carrier.
- satellite of hope It was a telecommunication satellite that was launched on 15th of February 2017 from Semnan base with Safir 1A satellite carrier. This satellite fell on May 5, 1388 in the regions of South America and over the Atlantic Ocean.
- Observation satellite It is the first imaging satellite of Iran, which was launched in Khordad 1390 from the Semnan base with the Safir 1A satellite carrier. This satellite ended its work on July 15, 2018 after three weeks.
- Navid satellite It was an imaging satellite that was launched in February 2010 from the Semnan launch base with the Safir 1B satellite carrier.
- Fajr satellite It is an orbital transfer satellite that was launched in February 2013 from the Semnan launch base with the Safir 1B satellite carrier. According to reports, this satellite fell on March 6, 2013.
- Tolo satellite 1 It is an imaging satellite that was launched from Imam Khomeini launch base in August 2016 with the Simorgh satellite carrier, but this launch was not successful and the satellite was not put into orbit.
- Message satellite It was a measurement satellite belonging to Amirkabir University, which was launched into the space on the morning of January 25, 2017 with the Simorgh satellite carrier, but according to the announcement of Mohammad Javad Azari Jahormi, the Minister of Communications at the time, this launch was not successful and did not enter the orbit.
- friendship satellite It belonged to Sharif University and it was the second unsuccessful launch in 1997, which was designed and built by Sharif University of Technology, commissioned by Iran Space Organization.
- Zafar satellite 1 It belonged to the University of Science and Technology and used remote sensing. Zafar-1 was launched on 20 February 2018 with the Simorgh satellite into a 530 km orbit and fell in the third stage of the launch due to not reaching the required speed.
- Noor satellite 1 It was launched in May 2019, which is a sensing and identification satellite
- Noor satellite 2 It was launched into space in March 1400, which is a sensing and identification satellite
- Khayyam satellite It is a remote sensing satellite that was sent into near-Earth orbit in August 1401 by the Russian Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur space base in Kazakhstan.
- Light satellite 3 It was launched into space in Mehr 1402, which is a sensing and identification satellite
Satellites that have not been launched or are about to be launched and are under construction in Iran are as follows:
- Venus satellite 1 It belongs to Amirkabir University, which is a telecommunication satellite and is ready to launch. The explosion at the launch pad of Nahid 1 satellite in 2018 had some side effects, while Nahid 1 was not transferred to the launch pad.
- Tadbir satellite It belongs to the University of Science and Technology, which is an imaging satellite and is ready to launch
- Kausar satellite It is a private sector satellite with the mission of precise agriculture and mapping, which was supposed to be launched in December 1402 with the Russian Soyuz launcher, but this launch has been delayed.
- Hodhod satellite It is a private sector satellite with the mission of Internet of Things, which was supposed to be launched in December 1402 with the Russian Soyuz launcher, but this launch has been delayed.
- It is a noble satellite It belongs to Sharif University of Technology and is ready to launch, which is a remote sensing and imaging satellite
- Atsat satellite It belongs to Amirkabir University and is ready to launch, which is a remote sensing satellite
- Saha satellite Attached to the Space Research Institute and ready to launch, it is a sensing satellite with three imaging payloads
- Pars 1 satellite It belongs to a consortium of Sharif, Amir Kabir and Alam and Sanat universities, which is a remote sensing satellite
- Pars 2 satellite It is a measurement satellite whose design and construction started with the Space Research Institute and Sairan Group
- Pars 3 satellite It is a sensing satellite that is in the conceptual and preliminary design stage
- Venus satellite 2 It is a telecommunication satellite belonging to the Space Research Institute, whose flight sample will be completed by the end of 1402.
- Venus satellite 3 which is a more advanced generation than Nahid 2, its design and construction has been announced and started, which has advanced features compared to Nahid 2
- Misbah 2 satellite It belongs to the Space Research Institute and is in the design phase of a telecommunication satellite
- Persian Gulf satellite It belongs to Malik Ashtar University and is in the test stage and is a telecommunication satellite
- SRI sat It belongs to the Space Research Institute and is in the design phase and is a research and telecommunication satellite
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