Minister of Economy: Iran’s trade balance became positive by 10 billion dollars/Government measures to prevent crude exports – rahnam

According to rahnam news agency from Tabriz, Seyed Ehsan Khandozi, Minister of Economic Affairs and Finance, during a one-day trip to Tabriz, during a speech at the “Non-Oil Exports” conference in Tabriz, described this city as a trade hub and a leader in the economy, and stated: “First of all, we must Let’s see where we stand on the path, and secondly, let’s see what path the government and the private sector should take together, and the third axis is the obstacles that slow down our movement.

Statistics of 8 months of 1402 foreign trade

Khandozi further announced and explained the 8-month statistics of 1402 foreign trades: in these 8 months, we have had a total of 24.7 million tons of imports worth 42.1 billion dollars; In terms of weight, our import has increased by about 4% and in terms of value, it has increased by about 12%. In the 8 months of this year, in terms of non-oil exports, we have had 90 million tons worth more than 32 billion dollars in terms of value, which is 27% compared to last year. There has been an increase in weight and 1.6% in terms of value.

He added: These figures show our point of departure that we should have one consideration, and that is that apparently our non-oil trade balance is not a positive balance and our imports are more than non-oil exports, although the country’s trade balance is overall positive.

Pointing out that the country’s trade balance in the first 8 months of this year was more than 10 billion dollars positive, he emphasized: If we factor oil, an important part of our non-oil trade balance deficits is caused by the events that happened in the price field in the international economy. Not in the country, for example, petrochemical products, which are a major part of our non-oil exports, had a 40% drop in global prices.

The Minister of Economy said: We have had 27% more non-oil exports than last year in terms of weight, but the decrease in world prices has caused us to not have much increase in terms of value.

Khandozi said: The second point is the exchange relationship, and the lack of complexity of Iran’s economy due to technology has caused the average value of a fixed weight of export goods to be lower than the number of imports. For example, bulk products are exported and compared to a mobile phone device or goods with higher technology are imported with more currency.

Government measures to prevent crude exports

Pointing to the necessity of our moving towards a more complex and technology-oriented economy by preventing crude exports, he said: Good measures have been taken in this field in recent years to move towards exports with higher technology; Of course, the good measures to prevent crude exports have also led to dissatisfactions, and in various meetings with the three chambers of manufacturing associations and export activists, we see that there is dissatisfaction as to why the parliament has entered into the issue of crude exports, while the goal The complications of crude oil exports are that we move towards technology-based exports and reduce crude oil sales.

The Minister of Economy said: We are standing in a place where the centralized oil economy of the government has not allowed us to pass through the oil economy and develop non-oil exports, so that the main player is no longer the national oil company, but the main player is the exporters, and the benefit The original is taken by the producer.

Khandozi reminded: the transition from the oil economy, which we have inherited for many years, to the export-oriented economy is competitive with the world, and if we write a thousand development plans but do not include this transition in it, we will not be successful, therefore, the beneficiaries of the oil and rent economy should Change the new beneficiaries who are exporters.

The Minister of Economy introduced the Tabriz Non-Oil Export Conference as one of the stable institution building and stated: The result of these institution building is the consensus between policy makers and producers and exporters of different fields and if this consensus is reached, the path is paved.

Export should not be enhanced by artificial respiration

He said: “We must be careful not to enter the wrong path and give us the wrong address while moving towards an export-oriented non-oil economy.”

He continued: But where are the strays? In the experiences we have had in East Asia and other parts of the world, they distinguish between right and wrong; That is, if economies are looking for competitiveness, they should move on the basis of their internal empowerment, of course, not in the sense of being confined within borders, but in the sense that the roots of competitiveness must be inside an economy, and they should not use artificial respiration and temporary aid to this to go

Export empowerment should be a priority

The Minister of Economy added: In the experiences of countries, competitiveness is either based on quality and technology or based on temporary nominal advantages, that is, based on the exchange rate, but this type of competition does not mean enabling producers to compete with similar products from other countries. What creates long-term capability is export capability.

He considered conquering the export market very important and added: The president’s emphasis and the government’s effort is that what is pursued based on neighborhood diplomacy and relations with neighboring countries should be based on the same type of competition and strengthening of exporters so that our exporters can conquer the export market. become other countries.

Khandoozi considered the decorative and ceremonial approach to exports as incorrect and said: If we want to control inflation, the country’s foreign exchange earners must be strengthened, and if the economic growth is to be sustainable, we must strengthen the exporters, so the export of daily bread is more obligatory for Iran’s economy and It is vital for curbing inflation as well as production growth.

He stated that for years in the country non-productive sectors were given points and now productive sectors should be given points and strengthened, he pointed to the difficult process of issuing licenses and various obstacles faced by producers and exporters in the past years. And he emphasized: The insistence of the government and the support of the parliament was that export bans should be removed and exporters should be prioritized in the field of regulation and regulation.

The Minister of Economy announced: We hope that the government’s approval and the executive regulation of Article 24 will be finalized in December, that the institutions that want to issue a regulation will inform about it a month or more in advance, and we can take a new step in the government’s interaction. and declare its private sector.

Khandozi stated: The mistake I mentioned was that if you want to pursue competitiveness with the exchange rate, you have gone astray, but competitiveness must happen from the place of quality and technology so that our exporters can enter the field of competition with similar products in the real way. In this case, a list of possible assistance to different industries for the advancement of technology and quality should be prepared in order to provide strong support and proper allocation in this area.

He emphasized: Curbing inflation in Iran’s economy is not important if it happens by closing the path of producers and turning off production lights. We must be able to advance the path of facilities to financing production so that the control of liquidity, which is of course necessary, does not occur at the price of shutting down our production. It is a consideration that according to the emphasis of the president, both slogans of the year go parallel.

The end of the message.

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