The workers’ wait for the full implementation of the labor law has been 33 years – rahnam

According to the economic reporter of rahnam news agency, November 29 is the anniversary of the approval of the labor law. The Labor Law was approved by the Expediency Recognition Council on November 29, 1369, and since then it has been a criterion for the relations between workers, employers and the government.

Every year, on the anniversary of this day, workers demand the fulfillment of their demands.

According to labor activists, this year more than previous years, labor statements were based on economic issues such as livelihood, job security, housing, economic inflation, etc.

During these years, there have been many talks about amending the labor law to improve the relationship between the worker and the employer. But many experts and labor activists believe that the labor law in the country is very comprehensive. However, due to the passage of time in some sectors, it is necessary to fix the problems that the amendment of the labor law in the form of tripartism and taking into account the interests of the worker and the employer is one of the main demands of the labor community.

On the other hand, there are parts of this law that have caused problems due to non-implementation. Labor activists believe that half of this law has been ignored or violated. Meanwhile, employers’ representatives also want to amend labor laws, social security, and unemployment insurance, and they even claim that these laws hinder production and job creation and make work difficult for them and should be amended.

Among the issues that workers have repeatedly demanded is the issue of temporary contracts in the country. According to the statistics provided by the officials in the past years, about 96% of the work contracts are temporary, which the labor activists believe is due to the non-implementation of Article 7 of the Labor Law.

Since the workers are facing livelihood problems, they are forced to accept short-term work contracts. One of the articles of the labor law that, according to labor activists, has caused the spread of temporary contracts in the country, is the non-implementation of Article 7 of the labor law. Due to the fact that the workers cannot afford their living expenses, they cannot afford to provide for themselves and their families, the worker will definitely be in trouble to provide a living and will eventually give in to a temporary contract. Labor activists believe that the government does not have a serious determination, that is why Article 7 of the Labor Law has not been implemented so far.

The next issue is the lack of strict implementation of Article 41 of the Labor Law. This article is disputed from two perspectives. First, the minimum wage of workers should be determined according to the inflation rate announced by the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. For several years, in order to determine the minimum wage of workers, a figure is determined under the name of the livelihood basket of the working family in the wage committee, and then they determine the minimum wage based on that. Since 2017, the rate of inflation has exceeded the increase in the minimum wage, and statistics indicate that in 2019, 2018, and even this year, the rate of inflation has exceeded the rate of increase in wages. In the current situation and considering the economic situation and the multi-million gap between the poverty line and workers’ wages, the non-implementation of this law puts more pressure on the working community.

Second, the text of this legal article states: “Every year, the Supreme Labor Council is obliged to determine the minimum wage of workers for different parts of the country or different industries”. The points in this article are the different determination of the minimum wage for different regions of the country. Of course, this issue has stubborn opponents among the working community, whose reasons are worthy of consideration.

One of the main components of the cost price of goods and services is the amount of workers’ salaries. If this regional wage is determined, it also affects the cost price of products and causes price instability in different regions.

The difficulty of the work of the workers in the village or the city does not differ if the wage rate is determined differently, and if this is done, the migration from the village to the city will also increase and will lead to the collapse of the villages.

On the other hand, the supporters claim that creating a regional wage, considering the cost of living in each region of the country, can be one of the ways to support informal and seasonal workers.

Regional wages reduce production costs in remote and underprivileged areas compared to big cities and create a great incentive to attract capital in those areas.

Another demand of the workers is Article 149 of the Labor Law regarding the provision of housing for the workers, which has not yet been implemented. According to this article, employers are obliged to cooperate with housing cooperatives and, in the absence of these cooperatives, directly with workers without housing in order to provide suitable personal houses, and employers of large workshops are also obliged to build organizational houses near the workshop or other suitable places. According to the representatives of the workers, this clause of the legal article has not been implemented since 1969. According to the representatives of the workers, about 70% of their salary is spent on rent. Unfortunately, until today, plans to provide housing for workers have remained just slogans and no effective measures have been taken in this regard.

According to rahnam, labor law is the most important law of the country as a regulator of labor relations, after the constitution. However, the labor law needs constructive changes to realize the rights of the labor community. Certainly, the law that was written 30 years ago is different from the situation we are in today. In the third development plan, amendments to the labor law, social security law and unemployment insurance law were emphasized; However, despite the passage of 20 years since this decree and its repetition in the fourth to sixth development plans, no action has been taken in this direction yet.

It is logical that with the advancement of technology, new businesses will arise. These businesses are required to be within the framework of the rules; But, unfortunately, our current law does not respond to these cases. On the other hand, changes in the conditions of the labor market, such as the boom in virtual space and remote work, are other cases that are not included in the labor law, or conditions such as the spread of the corona virus, which led to massive layoffs, require the redefinition of the labor law.

It has been a while since the discussion of reforming the labor law has been raised by the governments. Some labor activists believe that amending the law is not in the overall interest of labor.

On the eve of the 33rd anniversary of the adoption of the Labor Law, one of the issues that have worried the workers is the revival of the master-apprenticeship system, regional wages, and non-implementation of Article 7 of the Labor Law.

It was May 1402 when Ali Hossein Raiti Fard, the deputy of labor relations of the Ministry of Labor, announced the draft of the “Amendment Bill on Labor Law”.

After the remarks of the Deputy Minister of Labor, labor representatives expressed hope that perhaps by amending some of the provisions of the Labor Law, the issue of workers’ job security, which is their main problem, will be resolved.

After the comments of the Deputy Minister of Labor in May of this year, the debate on the amendment of the Labor Law progressed until the end of June 1402 when the Deputy Minister of Labor announced that the amendment of the Labor Law would be sent to the Parliament in the near future and said that “the bill to amend the Labor Law in the government commissions It will go through the final stage and will soon go to the parliament to become a law.”

It was in September of this year that Ali Hossein Raiti Fard, the deputy of labor relations, said about the latest status of the labor law reform: We sent the proposal to amend the labor law in 8 articles related to the job security of workers to the government since 1401 before the labor week. It is currently being investigated by the government commission.

The vice president of Caruzart Labor Relations said: On the one hand, the workers are seeking to make their contract permanent, and on the other hand, the employers believe that by making the labor contract of the workers permanent, there should not be disorder in the workshop. We made amendments in article 7 and 27. Proposals with the presence of social partners have been determined and sent to the government and are now being reviewed by government commissions.

He said: “We announced that if a job takes more than 4 years and has a continuous aspect, the contract should be permanent, and this was the concern of the workers that we hope will be resolved.”

According to rahnam, the representatives of the workers believe that the discussion of the implementation of the labor law is more important than the amendment of the law. If the law was implemented, the conditions of the workers in terms of job security would be better than the current situation. The next significant point for the workers is the long time to amend The law is so important. Workers are significant in terms of population and play an important role in the economy. Why should such an important issue, which is the main concern of workers, remain in parliament and the government for so long and only be brought up as an expression of hope by the authorities every once in a while? to be

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